U.S. CPI and PPI Data Higher than Expected, USD Strengthened Further, Crude Finds Resistance, U.S. Stock Market Settles Lower

PREVIOUS WEEK’S EVENTS (Week 07 Aug – 11 Aug 2023)


U.S. Economy

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis announced that the goods and services deficit was $65.5 billion in June, down $2.8 billion from $68.3 billion in May, revised.

Imports fell to the lowest level in more than 1-1/2 years. The decline in imports reported by the Commerce Department signals a slowdown in business investment and overall domestic demand amid hefty interest rate hikes from the Federal Reserve. 

Last week, the U.S. crude inventory data showed an increase of 5.9 million barrels. Oil climbed to high levels as the market dealt with supply tightness concerns and fuel demand worries ahead of the CPI data released today / U.S. inflation data.

Brent crude rose by 0.3%, to 87.81 USD/b, hitting its highest since the 23rd of January. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude also gained 0.3%, to 84.65 USD/b, a price last seen in November 2022. 

Crude Oil

Supply tightness due to tensions between Russia and Ukraine and the extended production cuts by Saudi Arabia are causing rising prices.

Saudi Arabia’s plans were announced recently, involving the extension of its voluntary production cut of 1M barrels per day for another month to include September. Russia also said it will cut oil exports by 300K bpd in September.




Rate hikes have proved that they have a great impact on inflation.

According to Federal Reserve Governor Michelle Bowman, the U.S. central bank might raise rates further. The Fed’s July rate hike brought the federal funds rate to a range of 5.25% to 5.5%.

The CPI changes figures released yesterday showed that inflation pressures from last month continued, leading to the first rise in consumer prices in over a year. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics data, prices actually rose to 3.2% in July since last year. The annual increase in prices, excluding the volatile food and energy components, the so-called core inflation, was the smallest in nearly two years. The U.S. Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose 0.2% last month, matching the gain in June.

Now, we have an outlook of a  moderate inflation rate, together with a cooling labour market. Unemployment claims were reported higher than expected, adding to the idea of the labour market cooling. 

According to the PPI data, U.S. producer prices increased slightly and more than expected in July. The Producer Price Index for final demand increased by 0.3% last month. In the 12 months through July, the PPI increased 0.8% after gaining 0.2% in June, boosted by a lower base of comparison last year. The price increase serves as a signal that inflationary pressures are still in effect to some degree against the Federal Reserve’s rate hiking campaign. Most economists expect the Federal Reserve to keep interest rates unchanged at its next month’s policy meeting.

The University of Michigan’s consumer sentiment survey on Friday showed a fall in expectations to 3.3% in August from 3.4% in July. They have been stable for three consecutive months.

The Fed’s 2% target is far from being reached and further work is to be done. With the CPI and PPI data in hand, economists estimated that the core personal consumption expenditures price index increased 0.2% in July, matching June’s gain.

The PCE price index data will be published later this month.









Currency Markets Impact – Past Releases (Week 07 Aug – 11 Aug 2023)

  • Trade Balance figures for the U.S. and Canada caused some more volatility than normal. No major impact on the pairs.
  • According to China’s CPI changes, China’s consumer prices dropped for the first time in over 2 years. We see a negative figure of -0.30%. No major shock was recorded for the AUD pairs.
  • A remarkable positive figure for inventories last week, a surprise, after the previously reported high negative change. Oil volatility is high, large changes taking place, and announcements for production cuts recently pushed oil to higher price levels.
  • At 15:30, the CPI figures were released showing that the annual inflation rate actually increased. The CPI rose 0.2% in July on a seasonally adjusted basis, which is the same increase as in June. The market reacted with an initial shock for the USD pairs, with USD depreciation and an appreciation later. 
  • U.S. Unemployment Claims were reported higher than expected, signalling that rate hikes are having a strong impact on the labour market; however, not strong enough. With the inflation rate reported roughly unchanged, it increased the probability of another hike, causing the USD to strengthen.  
  • The monthly real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is estimated to have grown by 0.5% in June 2023, following a fall of 0.1% in May 2023 and a growth of 0.2% in April 2023. The market reacted with a low-level intraday shock and some GBP appreciation that lasted only for a while this morning.
  • Friday’s PPI data at 15:30 showed that the PPI index for final demand increased 0.3 per cent in July, which is more than expected. The USD experienced appreciation at that time. 
  • The U.S. Consumer Sentiment report showed a slight decrease in consumer confidence among Americans compared to July’s report, causing the USD to depreciate for a while at the time of the release but overall it experienced appreciation for the trading day.
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    DXY (US Dollar Index)

    The Dollar experienced strength again last week. The index was moving upwards while being over the 30-period MA but reversed on the 10th of August when the lower-than-expected CPI data were released. The market, however, reversed again quite quickly, with USD appreciation causing it to gain strength overall. The PPI data seem that they did not have much impact, expecting USD depreciation, since the USD experienced resilience instead, even after they were reported higher. 


    Obviously, the USD is driving the pair path. The EURUSD has been experiencing volatility with no clear direction, more to the downside as it seems, and the USD strengthened overall. The RSI is showing signs of bullish divergence.


    NEXT WEEK’S EVENTS (14 Aug – 18 Aug 2023)

    Important news this week involves Canada’s Inflation data released on the 15th of August. On the same day, we have the release of the U.S. retail sales data. 

    On the 16th, we have the release of the RBNZ decision on rates. At 21:00 the same day the FOMC Meeting Minutes report will be released.  

    Currency Markets Impact:

  • On the 15th of August, the U.K.s Unemployment benefits-related data figures will probably cause more volatility but no major shock to the GBP pairs.
  • The same day, Canada’s CPI data release will probably have a major impact on CAD pairs. An intraday shock is expected at that time. At 15:30, we might see way more volatility affecting also the other major currencies.
  • The Reserve Bank of New Zealand is going to release its decision on rates on the 16th of August. An intraday shock is expected at the time of the release affecting NZD pairs.
  • U.K. CPI is remarkably expected to be reported lower suggesting that the market is expecting that hikes will have a significant effect on inflation. An intraday shock is expected during the time of the release affecting GBP pairs. 
  • Labour data for Australia are coming out at 4:30 during the Asian session on the 17th of August. Usually, they cause intraday shocks for AUD pairs.
  • On Friday 18th August, U.K. Retail Sales might cause some volatility, higher than normal at 9:00 and the GBP pairs might experience a more-than-normal deviation from the mean.
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    U.S. Crude Oil 

    Crude shows signs of a slowdown. The RSI was in the overbought area and some reversal was expected. Eventually, a retracement took place back to the mean, finalising on the 10th of August. Crude is probably on a sideways path which is actually quite volatile with no clear direction. 

    Gold (XAUUSD)

    As the USD is gaining strength, we see Gold moving lower and lower. However, Gold has currently shown signs of slowing down testing the supports near 1910 USD/oz frequently. The RSI shows signs of bullish divergence, though will this continue? A downtrend is apparent, the MA is obviously going down and a reversal is possible but the price in that case will probably move only sideways in case the trend ends, at least for the short term. 



    NAS100 (NDX)

    Price Movement

    After the recent announcements from Fitch Rating and Moody’s, the U.S. stock market suffered a downtrend. The benchmark U.S. indices are moving to the downside but at a highly volatile pace. On every recent market/exchange opening, we see the NAS100 moving rapidly to the downside before retracing back to the mean. It is still remaining below the 30-period MA and breaks support levels on its volatile way to the downside. The downward trend is clear and there are no signs that it will end soon.